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Tuesday, March 29

  1. page Mycoplasma pneumoniae edited ... complications pneumonia may be a complication of previous infection or more serious condition…
    ...
    complications
    pneumonia may be a complication of previous infection or more serious condition. It rarely causes pnumonial meningitis. It may require hospitalisation in the very old and very young.
    references
    http://www.hpa.org.uk/Topics/InfectiousDiseases/InfectionsAZ/Mycoplasma/
    http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000082.htm
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  2. page Neisseria gonorrhoeae edited ... Co infection with Chlamidia is frequent therefore it important to test for it. Sexual partner …
    ...
    Co infection with Chlamidia is frequent therefore it important to test for it. Sexual partner should also be checked.
    References
    ...
    March 2011].
    Murray,
    Murray, P.R., Rossenthal,
    Ryan, K.J., Ray, C.G., 2010. Medical Microbiology. 5th ed. London: Mc Graw Hill.
    Wong, B., 2009. Gonococcal infections. [online] E-medicine. Available at: <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/218059-overview> [Accessed 27 February 2011].
    Youth Projects, 2010. Should should know Gonorrohoea. [online]. Available at: <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yHzhtCJ6KtI&feature=player_embedded> [Accessed 20 March 2011].
    Lucia Janicova
    09013418
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    5:33 am
  3. page Staphylococcus_aureus edited Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive facultative anaerobe. This means it can create {manitol2…
    Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive
    facultative anaerobe. This means it can create {manitol2.jpg}
    ...
    also use
    fermentation

    fermentation
    as a
    ...
    energy production.
    Staphylococcus

    Staphylococcus
    aureus is
    ...
    commonly on
    the skin and within the nasal passage, oral cavity,
    ...
    in the
    lab,

    lab,
    Staphylococcus aureus
    ...
    a yellow/gold
    colony

    colony
    on the
    ...
    catalase positive
    and

    and
    the optimum
    ...
    range is
    thought

    thought
    to lye
    ...
    degrees celsius.
    Infection:
    ...
    may be
    commensal

    commensal
    within the
    ...
    environment, within
    the nose and occasionally the throat. They may {Impetigo.jpg}
    ...
    dry surfaces.
    This bacterium may alsohost bacteriophages.
    ...
    the surrounding
    tissues

    tissues
    of the
    ...
    causing the
    formation of furuncles. In young children S. aureus
    may cause a more dangerous condition known as staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome.
    These infections may be transmitted through
    ...
    wound, contact
    with infected skin, or contact with objects such as materials which have been touched by the infected person. Certain strains of Staphylococcus aureus also produce an exotoxin which leads to toxic shock syndrome. Toxic shock syndrome is an acute illness which can be deadly. An enterotoxin also produced by this species causes gastroenteritis.
    Diagnosis:
    ...
    is fermented.
    Differentiation can also be carried out at the species level in the form of catalase tests, lipase tests and coagulase tests.
    Treatments:
    ...
    MRSA progresses within the rapid onset of a day – two days of symptoms. Within seventy two hours it grasps tissues and may develop resistance to treatment. The initial symptoms are red bumps followed by fever and rashes.
    MRSA is commonly contracted while staying in hospital or while visiting a healthcare facility, it is also more common in patients being treated by quinolones.
    ...
    quantitative PCR.
    MRSA

    MRSA
    is treated
    ...
    against MRSA.
    References:
    Kenneth Todar, (2008), Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcal disease, Available from: http://www.textbookofbacteriology.net/staph.html, [Accessed 20.03.2011].
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  4. page Staphylococcus_aureus edited ... Fluids such as blood, urine, or sputum may be used for the culturing of MRSA for diagnosis. Th…
    ...
    Fluids such as blood, urine, or sputum may be used for the culturing of MRSA for diagnosis. The identification techniques following sample collection include real time PCR along with quantitative PCR.
    MRSA is treated with the antibiotic vancomycin, this is a last resort antibiotic due to the unpleasant side effects, and it must also be administered intravenously in order to create control over the infection. Drugs like linezolid and daptomycin are also effective against MRSA.
    References:
    Kenneth Todar, (2008), Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcal disease, Available from: http://www.textbookofbacteriology.net/staph.html, [Accessed 20.03.2011].

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  5. page Neisseria gonorrhoeae edited ... Co infection with Chlamidia is frequent therefore it important to test for it. Sexual partner …
    ...
    Co infection with Chlamidia is frequent therefore it important to test for it. Sexual partner should also be checked.
    References
    Microveda, 2009. Urology. Man. Urethritis, Gonorrhea. Neisseria gonorrhoeae. [video online]. Available at: <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gOCffj9IEw4&feature=player_embedded>[Accessed 19 March 2011].
    Murray, P.R., Rossenthal, K.S., Pfaller, M.A., 2009. Medical Microbiology.London: Elsevier.
    Ryan, K.J., Ray, C.G., 2010. Medical Microbiology. 5th ed. London: Mc Graw Hill.
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    5:26 am
  6. page Mycoplasma Genitalium edited {080124_synthetic_life_3-786957.jpg} The 10016988 The species Mycoplasma This STI is often …
    {080124_synthetic_life_3-786957.jpg} The
    10016988
    The
    species Mycoplasma
    This STI is often asymptomatic and in this way it is similar to Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea. Mycoplasma genitalium is often a secondary infection in that it persists in association with others in both sexes, and this infection is very difficult to be diagnosed alone.
    Symptoms are different in both sexes experiencing Mycoplasma Genitalium. Male most commonly suffer from an inflamed urethra which causes burning, discharges and painful urination. Other most common symptoms for male are arthritis and reactive arthritis.
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    5:14 am
  7. page Staphylococcus epidermis edited ... Source: Anon. (2011). The Retroscope. http://www.retroscope.eu/wordpress/staphylococcus-epider…
    ...
    Source: Anon. (2011). The Retroscope. http://www.retroscope.eu/wordpress/staphylococcus-epidermidis/
    Date accessed: 29/03/11
    ==
    ==

    Gram Staining Procedure
    Animation
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    3:48 am
  8. page Staphylococcus epidermis edited ... S. epidermidis is a major concern for people with catheters or artificial appliances as biofil…
    ...
    S. epidermidis is a major concern for people with catheters or artificial appliances as biofilms can form and become resistant to antibiotics. Staphylococcus is a main biofilm-forming organism which can be found impairing prosthetic devises and in wounds, creating diseases such as endocarditis. Due to the resistance of antibiotics, the treatment often results in the removal of the implanted medical device/biomaterial which is infected with S. epidermidis.
    However, the faster the diagnosis, means less time form the biofilm to originate and more effective the antibiotic therapy treatment.
    Current research {http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSOeAfMnQHk1NG7B5TA1f6Ol3vpBh4MJyyKS4XTNrOXLP5OcBci}
    Currently research
    ...
    epidermidis, to different
    different
    antibiotics. It
    ...
    of research.
    Source: Anon. (2011). The Retroscope. http://www.retroscope.eu/wordpress/staphylococcus-epidermidis/
    Date accessed: 29/03/11
    ==
    ==

    Gram Staining Procedure
    Animation
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    3:47 am
  9. page Staphylococcus epidermis edited ... Resistance and Treatment S. epidermidis is a major concern for people with catheters or artif…
    ...
    Resistance and Treatment
    S. epidermidis is a major concern for people with catheters or artificial appliances as biofilms can form and become resistant to antibiotics. Staphylococcus is a main biofilm-forming organism which can be found impairing prosthetic devises and in wounds, creating diseases such as endocarditis. Due to the resistance of antibiotics, the treatment often results in the removal of the implanted medical device/biomaterial which is infected with S. epidermidis.
    However, the faster the diagnosis, means less time form the biofilm to originate and more effective the antibiotic therapy treatment.
    Current research
    ...
    of the bacteriabacteria, S. epidermidis, to different antibiotics… antibiotics. It is one of the most popular subject of research.
    Gram Staining Procedure
    Animation
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    3:34 am
  10. page streptococcus salivarius edited ... As S.salivarius is a gram positive cocci, this would mean that it would stain purple in a gra…
    ...
    As S.salivarius is a gram positive cocci, this would mean that it would stain purple in a
    gram stain. S.salivarius has a length of about 2um in length. Formation of pairs and short chains usually occurs. The bacterium are facultative anaerobes and are either non or alpha hemolytic on blood agar. Fimbrae are composed of proteinsub units which have ranges of 2-8nm in diameter, these are hair like appendages. Fimbrae are involved in th co aggression of .salivarius.
    09001653
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    2:51 am

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